Important Questions CBSE
Class 10th : Social Science Year 2009 (Solved)
Question .1. Name three physical factors that affect
location of industries?
Answer : The physical factors that affect location of industries are:-
(i) Raw materials (ii) Water (iii) Power resources (iv) Climate.
Question .2. Name three human inputs that control location of industries?
Answer : The human inputs that control location of industries are:-
(i) Labour (ii) Market (iii) Transport.
Question .3. What are light industries?
Answer : Light industries are industries that use light raw material to
produce light goods.
Question .4. Name four important cotton textile centre of Maharastra?
Answer : (i) Mumbai (ii) Sholapur (iii) Nagpur (iv) Pune.
Question .5. Name two most important sugar producing states of India?
Answer : (i) Uttar Pradesh (ii) Maharastra.
Question .6. Name two iron and steel producing plants each of Karnataka and
Answer : (i) Karnataka – Bhadrawati (ii) West Bengal – Burnpur
Question .7. Name five electronic goods producing centre of India?
Answer : Electronic goods producing centre are:-
(i) Chennai (ii) Hydrabad (iii) Mumbai (iv) Kolkata (v) delhi.
Question . 8. What is the annual production of cement in the country at
Answer : 100 million tones.
Question .9. Name three engine manufacturing centre?
Answer : Engine producing centre are:-
(i) Jamshedpur in Jharkhand.(ii) Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.(iii) Chittaranjan in
Question .10. Name four industries causing water pollution?
Answer : The industries causing water pollution are:-
(i) Textiles (ii) Tannery (iii) Petroleum (iv) Paper pulp
Question .11. Name some woolen textile centre in the North and South?
Answer : (i) North – Dhariwal and Ludhiana in Punjab.(ii) South – Bangalore
Question .12. Why are most of the jute mills of India located in West Bengal?
Answer : Most of the jute mills are located in West Bengal due to:-
(i) Jute producing area is close to the jute mill.(ii) Water is available in
plenty.(iii) Labour are cheap.(iv) Water transport is cheap.(v) Port facility
available. (vi) Banking and insurance facility available.
Question .13. Why is the iron and steel industry located in peninsular India
Answer :Iron and steel industry is located in peninsular India as:-
(i) This is a heavy industry (ii) Iron is available(iii) Coal is available in
close proximity.(iv) Other raw materials like limestone, dolomite, etc. are
available.(v) Transport system is available.
Question . 14. Describe briefly the distribution of textile industry in
Answer :(i) Gujarat – Ahmedabad , Surat, Rajkot.(ii) Maharastra – Mumbai,
Question .15. Describe briefly the distribution of silk textile industry in
Answer :(i) Karnataka – Bangalore, Mysore. (ii) West Bengal – Murshidabad,
Bankura.(iii) Jammu and Kashmir – Srinagar, Baramula, Anantnag.
Question .16. Differentiate between Cotton textile and Iron & steel?
Iron & steel
1. An agro-based industry.
1. A mineral based industry.
2. A light industry.
2. A heavy industry.
3. Labour insentive.
3. Capital intensive.
4. A consumer industry.
4. A basic industry.
Question .17. Differentiate between Agro-based
Industries and Mineral-based Industries?
1. Raw materials are derived from agriculture, e.g.
1. Raw materials are obtained from minerals, e.g.
2. These are light industries.
2. These are heavy industries.
3. Are consumer industries.
3. Are basic industries.
4. Spread all over the country.
4. Located where raw materials are available.
Question .18. Give an account of the sugar industry
Answer : This industry is based on sugarcane which is heavy, weight losing
and perishable. Hence the mills are located very close to the sugarcane
producing areas. 50% of sugar mills are in Uttar Pradesh and Maharastra.
Question .19. Most of the cotton textile mills located in Maharastra and
Answer : (i) Availability of raw material i.e. cotton.(ii) Labour is
available in plenty.(iii) Power plants are available in plenty.(iv) Market is
Question .20. Account for the synthetic fibres under the headings?
(i) Raw material(ii) Advantage(iii) Distribution.
Answer : (i) Raw materials : - wood pulp, coal and petroleum.(ii) Advantage
: - finishing is better, durable, strength.
(iii) Distribution : - West Bengal, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,
Question .21. State the importance and distribution of the Aluminium
Answer: In India Aluminium smelting is the second largest industry. It is
flexible, good conductor of heat and electricity and hence is universally
accepted metal for a large number of industries. It is widely used as a
substitute of copper, zinc, lead and steel.
Distribution : - Eight (8) industrial plants are located in Kerala, Tamil
Nadu, Maharastra, Orissa, Chhatisgarh, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh.
Question .22. Why is iron & steel industry called a heavy and basic industry?
Give two reasons for each?
Answer :Heavy Industry : - The raw materials iron ore, limestone etc are
heavy. The finished product are also heavy.
Basic Industry : - All industries depend on it for machines.
Question .23. Why have most of the iron and steel plants been set up in the
Public Sector? Explain four reasons?
Answer :Iron and steel plants requires huge capital investments and the
yield or profit take a long time. No large number of labours are required.
Question .24. On the outline map of India locate the textile mills, mineral
Answer :For map work consult your text book.