# (Syllabus) CBSE Syllabus of Physics for Class 11th For March 2009 Examination

**Syllabus : CBSE Syllabus of Physics for Class 11th For March
2009 Examination**

**EXAMINATION SPECIFICATIONS
Class XI | Physics
One Theory Paper
3 Hours
70 Marks**

**Unit I: Physical World and Measurement (periods 10)**

Physics - scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and
society.

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units,
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and
precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Unit II: Kinematics (Periods 30)

Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and
velocity.

Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity.

Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.

Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors
and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number;
addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane - rectangular components. Motion
in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile
motion. Uniform circular motion.

Unit III: Laws of Motion (Periods 16)

Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum
and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction,
rolling friction.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular
motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

**Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power (Periods 16)**

Scalar product of vectors. Work done by a constant force and a variable force;
kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces:
conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies);
non-conservative forces: elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two
dimensions.

**Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body (Periods 18)**

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conversation and centre of
mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.

Vector product of vectors; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum,
conservation of angular momentum with some examples.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational
motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius
of gyration.

Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

**Unit VI: Gravitation (Periods 14)**

Keplar’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation.

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity.
Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.

**Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (Periods 28)**

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus,
bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity.

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic
lift and hydraulic brakes). Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and
turbulent flow. Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface
tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat - calorimetry; change of
state - latent heat.

Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity,
Newton’s law of cooling.

**Unit VIII: Thermodynamics (Periods 12)**

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of
thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics.

Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Heat
engines and refrigerators.

**Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory (Periods 8)**

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and
temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of
equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heats of
gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

**Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (Periods 28)**

Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.
Periodic functions.

Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a
spring–restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.-kinetic and
potential energies; simple pendulum–derivation of expression for its time
period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only),
resonance.

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion.
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of
waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes,
fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler Effect.