Central Board of Secondary Education
Guidelines on Formative Assessment
EO (H&L)/ Cir. /FA / 2011
CBSE has published 12 Manuals for Teachers on Formative Assessment for
Classes IX & X in Hindi-A, Hindi-B, English-Communicative, English-Language &
Literature, Mathematics, Science and Social Science. All the Manuals are
available at the book stores of the Regional Offices and the Head Office of the
Board. Details of the titles and price are given below:
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Hindi A IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Hindi A X
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Hindi B IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Hindi B X
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - English IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - English X
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Mathematics IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Mathematics X
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Social Science IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Social Science X
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Science IX
||Formative Assessment Teacher’s Manual - Science X
CBSE had already sent two circulars on Formative Assessment - CIRCULAR NO.
36 dated 27.07.2010 and CIRCULAR NO. 58 dated 03.09.2010. You are requested to
read these circulars again and discuss their content with your teachers.
You are advised to procure the Manuals and provide one copy to each subject
teacher of classes IX and X. Also please keep one complete set with you for
reference. Kindly discuss all the issues raised in the Manuals in the subject
committees of your school to ensure clarity on the modalities and concepts with
regard to Formative Assessment. It is essential that a comprehensive annual plan
of Formative Assessment is prepared at the beginning of the academic session.
From the feedback received from schools, it is seen that some schools are
treating Formative Tasks more as tests rather than tools for improving the
teaching‐learning process. Some guidelines are given below to help teachers
implement Formative Assessment in its true sprit:
- Formative Assessment should be used as an opportunity for the teacher to
consult parents at least twice in each term, i.e., after each Formative
Assessment so that the strengths and weaknesses of every student can be
discussed and efforts are made to address the gaps in learning. In such
meetings the student’s views should also be obtained so that it becomes a
fruitful dialogue between the student, the teacher and the parent.
- Every Formative Assessment must be followed by diagnosis of the
difficulties faced by students. It means that Formative Assessment must be
diagnostic in nature so that suitable remedial measures are taken to ensure
- FA 1, FA 2, FA 3, and FA 4 should not be based on only one task. Every
such assessment should make use of two or more tasks ensuring variety such
as role play, practical work, presentations, projects, worksheets etc.
- It is to be borne in mind that all the Formative Assessment tasks need
not be meant for assessment. Some may be used purely for teaching and some
- If many tasks are used for any one formative assessment, the best grades
obtained by a student may be taken for recording. It means that grades need
not be given on the basis of identical tasks for all. It will help us cater
to multiple intelligences besides enabling every student to tap her/ his
- Formative Assessment should help us to make the teaching - learning
process enjoyable for all students. So it is essential that we follow a
childfriendly approach to assessment.
- Please discuss this circular with the teachers of your school to ensure
proper Formative Assessment practices.