Syllabus : CBSE Syllabus of History for Class 12 For March
Class XII | History
(Code No. 027)
Section A: Archaeology & Ancient India (Unit 1 - 4) 25
Section B: Medieal India (Unit 5 - 9) 30
Section C: Modern India (Unit 10 - 15) 35
Unit 16 : Map Work 10
SECTION A: ARCHAEOLOGY & ANCIENT INDIA
1. The Story of the First Cities: Harappan Archaeology.
Familiarize the learner with early urban centres as economic and social
Introduce the ways in which new data can lead to a reision of existing
notions of history.
Illustrate how archaeological reports are analyzed and interpreted by scholars.
Broad oeriew: Early urban centres.
Story of discoery: Harappan ciilization.
Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site.
Discussion: how it has been utilized by archaeologists/historians.
2. Political and Economic History: How
inscriptions tell a story.
Familiarize the learner with major trends in the political and economic history
of the subcontinent.
Introduce inscriptional analysis and the ways in which these hae shaped the
understanding of political and economic processes.
Broad oeriew: Political and economic history from the Mauryan to the Gupta
Story of discoery: Inscriptions and the decipherment of the script. Shifts in
the understanding of political and economic history.
Excerpt: Asokan inscription and Gupta period land grant.
Discussion: Interpretation of inscriptions by historians.
3. Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata
Familiarize the learner with issues in social history. introduce strategies of
textual analysis and their use in reconstructing social history.
Broad oeriew: Issues in social history, including caste, class, kinship and
Story of discoery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharat.
Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating how it has been used by historians.
Discussion: Other sources for reconstructing social history.
4. A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa
Discuss the major religious deelopments in early India. Introduce strategies of
isual analysis and their use in reconstructing histories of religion.
Broad oeriew: (a) A brief reiew of religious histories of edic religion,
Jainism, aisnaism, Saiism. (b) Focus on Buddhism.
Story of discoery: Sanchi stupa
Excerpt: Reproduction of sculptures from Sanchi.
Discussion: Ways in which sculpture has been interpreted by historians, other
sources for reconstructing the history of Buddhism.
SECTION B: MEDIEAL INDIA
5. Agrarian Relations: The Ain-i- Akbari
Discuss deelopments in agrarian relations Discuss how to supplement official
documents with other sources.
Broad oeriew: (a) Structure of agrarian
relations in the 16th and 17th centuries. (b) Patterns of change oer the
Story of Discoery: Account of the compilation and translation of Ain-i-Akbari.
Excerpt: from the Ain-i-Akbari
Discussion: Ways in which historians hae used the text to reconstruct history.
6. The Mughal Court: Reconstructing Histories through Chronicles
Familiarize the learner with the major landmarks in political history Show how
chronicles and other sources are used to reconstruct the histories of
Broad Oeriew: (a) Outline of political history 15th-17th centuries. (b)
Discussion of the Mughal court and politics.
Story of Discoery: Account of the production of court chronicles, and ‘their
subsequent. translation and transmission.
Excerpts: from the Akbarnama and Padshahnama.
Discussion: Ways in which historians hae used the texts to reconstruct
7. New Architecture: Hampi
Familiarize the learner with the new buildings that were built during the time.
Discuss the ways in which architecture can be analyzed to reconstruct history.
Broad Oeriew: (a) Outline of new buildings during ijayanagar period-temples,
forts, irrigation facilities. (b) Relationship between architecture and the
Story of Discoery: Account of how Hampi was found.
Excerpt: isuals of buildings at Hampi
Discussion: Ways in which historians hae analyzed and interpreted these
8. Religious Histories: The Bhakti-Sufi tradition
Familiarize the learner with religious deelopments.
Discuss ways of analyzing deotional literature as sources of history.
Broad Oeriew: (a) Outline of religious deelopments during this period. (b)
Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi saints.
Story of Transmission: How Bhakti-Sufi compositions hae been presered.
Excerpt: Extracts from selected Bhakti Sufi works.
Discussion: Ways in which these hae been interpreted by historians.
9. Medieal Society Through Traellers' Accounts
Familiarize the learner with the salient features of social histories described
by the traellers.
Discuss how traellers’ accounts can be used as sources of social
Broad Oeriew: Outline of social and cultural life as they appear in traellers’
Story of their writings: A discussion of where they traelled, why they
traelled, what they wrote, and for whom they wrote.
Excerpts: from Alberuni, Ibn Batuta, Bernier.
Discussion: What these trael accounts can tell us and how they hae been
interpreted by historians
SECTION C: MODERN INDIA
10. Colonialism and-Rural Society: Eidence from Official Reports’
Discuss how colonialism affected Zamindars, peasants and artisans.
Understand the problems and limits of using official sources for understanding
the lies of people.
Broad oeriew : (a). Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans in the late 18
century (b) East India Company, reenue settlements and sureys. (c) Changes
oer the nineteenth century.
Story of official records: An account of why official inestigations into rural
societies were under taken and the types of records and reports.
Discussion: What the official records tell and do not tell, and how they hae
been used by historians.
11. Representations of 1857
Discuss how the eents of 1857 are being reinterpreted.
Discuss how isual material can be used by historians.
Broad Oeriew: (a) The eents of 1857-58. (b) How these eents were recorded
Excerpts: Pictures of 1857. Extracts from contemporary accounts.
Discussion: How the pictures of 1857 shaped British opinion of what had
12. Colonialism and Indian Towns: Town Plans and Municipal Reports
Familiarize the learner with the history of modern urban centres.
Discuss how urban histories can be written by drawing on different types
Broad Oeriew: The growth of Mumbai, Chennai, hill stations and cantonments in
the 18th and 19th century.
Excerpts: Photographs and paintings. Plans of cities. Extract from town plan
reports. Focus on Kolkata town planning.
Discussion: How the aboe sources can be used to reconstruct the history of
towns. What these sources do not reeal.
13. Mahatma Gandhi through Contemporary Eyes
Familiarize the learner with significant elements of the nationalist moement
and the nature of Gandhian leadership.
Discuss how Gandhi was perceied by different groups.
Discuss how historians need to read and interpret newspapers, diaries and
letters as historical source.
Broad Oeriew: (a) The nationalist moement 1918 - 48, (b) The nature of
Gandhian politics and leadership.
Focus: Mahatma Gandhi in 1931.
Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other
Discussion: How newspapers can be a source of history.
14. Partition through Oral Sources
Discuss the last decade of the national moement, the growth of
communalism and the story of Partition.
Understand the eents through the experience of those who lied through
these years of communal iolence.
Show the possibilities and limits of oral sources.
Broad Oeriew: (a) The history of the 1940s; (b) Nationalism. Communalism and
Focus: Punjab and Bengal.
Excerpts: Oral testimonies of those who experienced partition.
Discussion: Ways in which these hae been analyzed to reconstruct the history of
15. The Making of the Constitution
Familiarize students with the history of the early years after independence.
Discuss how the founding ideals of the new nation state were debated and
Understand how such debates and discussions can be read by historians.
Broad Oeriew: (a) Independence and the new nation state. (b) The making of the
Focus: The Constitutional Assembly debates.
Excerpts: from the debates.
Discussion: What such debates reeal and how they can be analyzed.
16. Map Work on Units 1-15
(Class 12th) Other Syllabus :-