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CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Science Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

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CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Science Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

Class: XII

Year: 2015

Subjects: Science

Exam Board: CBSE

CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Humanities Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

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CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Humanities Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

Class: XII

Year: 2015

Subjects: Humanities

Exam Board: CBSE

CBSE COUNSELLING 2016: CALL 1800 11 8004

GENERAL: 


CBSE COUNSELLING 2016: CALL 1800 11 8004


The Pre-Examination counselling for students and parents will begin from the 1st of February and will continue up to 22nd April, 2016. This is the 19th consecutive year that CBSE will provide psychological counselling services to students at the time of preparation as well as during the examinations to overcome exam related stress.

The CBSE annual counselling is an outreach programme which is carefully designed keeping the heterogeneity of students’ population and geographical spread. Multiple modes of communication such as telephonic counselling, Question Answer columns in newspapers and online counselling through CBSE website are used to reach out to more and more examinees during this phase.

1. CBSE TELE-COUNSELLING

Is offered by Principals and trained counsellors from within CBSE affiliated schools located in and outside India. It is a voluntary, free of cost service provided by the participants.

This year 76 Principals, trained counsellors from CBSE affiliated government and private schools and few psychologists will participate in Tele-Counselling and address exam related psychological problems of the students. 60 of them are available in India while 16 are located in Nepal, Japan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Jeddah, Sultnate of Oman, Al Khobar), UAE (Sharjah, Dubai, Ras Al-Khaimah) and Kuwait.

CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Commerce Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

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CBSE Marking Scheme: Class XII Commerce Subjects (Board Exam) - 2015

Class: X

Year: 2015

Subjects: Commerce

Exam Board: CBSE

CBSE Marking Scheme: Class X (Board Exam) - 2015

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CBSE Marking Scheme: Class X (Board Exam) - 2015

Class: X

Year: 2015

Exam Board: CBSE

Courtesy: cbse

e-Pathshala : Learning on the Go

GENERAL: 

e-Pathshala : Learning on the Go

About:

The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation set up in 1961 by the Government of India to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on policies and programmes for qualitative improvement in school education. The major objectives of NCERT and its constituent units are to: undertake, promote and coordinate research in areas related to school education; prepare and publish model textbooks, supplementary material, newsletters, journals and develops educational kits, multimedia digital materials, etc. organise pre-service and in-service training of teachers; develop and disseminate innovative educational techniques and practices;collaborate and network with state educational departments, universities, NGOs and other educational institutions; act as a clearing house for ideas and information in matters related to school education; and act as a nodal agency for achieving the goals of Universalisation of Elementary Education. In addition to research, development, training, extension, publication and dissemination activities, NCERT is an implementation agency for bilateral cultural exchange programmes with other countries in the field of school education. The NCERT also interacts and works in collaboration with the international organisations, visiting foreign delegations and offers various training facilities to educational personnel from developing countries. The major constituent units of NCERT which are located in different regions of the country are:

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Graphic Design) 2015

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Graphic Design) 2015

Time03: hours

Maximum Marks 70

General Instructions: -

  •  The question paper is divided into two section A and B

  •  Section A is theory part of 40 marks, based on the textbook which has 17 questions (out of which students have to attempt 13).

  •  Questions no. 1-6 are of 1 mark each, out of which students will have to attempt any 5 questions.

  •  Questions no 7-11 are of 3 marks each, out of which students will have attempt any 4 questions.

  •  Questions no 12-15 are of 5 marks each, out of which students are required to answer any 3 questions.

  •  Questions no 16-17 are of 8 marks, out of which students will attempt any 1 question.

  •  Section B is Application Based. There are 10 questions in this section (out of which students have to attempt 7). Section B has a weightage of 30 marks.

  •  Questions no. 18-22 are of 3 marks each, out of which students will attempt any 4 questions.

  •  Questions no 23-25 are of 5 marks each, out of which students will attempt any 2 questions.

  •  Questions no 26 and 27 are of 8 marks each, out of which students will attempt any 1 question.

  •  Each section is compulsory

  •  As per the instructions given above, students will have to attempt 20 questions in all.

SECTION A

Answer any five questions . (1x5=5)

1.What is Mascot?
a. A representative symbol
b. Term for campaigning
c. A software
d. A colour scheme

2. What does CMYK stand for?
a. Centre, multiple, York, knight
b. Cyan, magenta, yellow, black
c. Computer, multiple, yellow, kings
d. Cyan, multiple, yellow, karbon

3. Design may be defined by the following aspects –
a. Aesthetics, history and advertising
b. History, semiotic and teleological
c. Aesthetics, teleological and semiotic
d. Semiotic, proportion and line

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (German) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (German) 2014-15

Max. Marks: 100

Duration : 3 hours

I. Fasse den folgenden Text auf Deutsch kurz zusammen! [10]

Der Schweizer Nationalfeiertag

Der 1. August

Am 1. August begehen die Schweizerinnen und Schweizer ihren Nationalfeiertag. Sie feiern die Gründung ihrer Eidgenossenschaft. Wie erzahlt wird, trafen sich im Jahr 1291 Vertreter der drei Urkantone : Uri, Schwyz und Unterwalden auf der Rütli-Wiese am Vierwaldstatter See. Sie schworen sich Treue und gegenseitige Unterstützung im Kampf gegen ihre Feinde. Nach und nach traten immer mehr Kantone diesem Bündnis bei. Zum Gedanken an dieses Ereignis werden nun jedes Jahr am 1. August Reden gehalten, der Bundesprasident oder die Bundesprasidentin fahrt dazu sogar auf die Rütli-Wiese, es finden Umzüge mit und ohne Musik statt, Tausende von Bratwürsten werden verspeist und nicht wenige Liter Bier konsumiert, abends werden Millionen von Franken als Feuerwerk in den Himmel geschossen. In manchen Religionen geht es etwas besinnlicher zu : abends werden die Hohenfeuer entzündet und Schweigeminuten abgehalten, um über Vergangenheit und Zukunft, ja über das Leben allgemein nachzudenken. Im Tal werden die Kerzen in den Lampions oder Lagerfeuer anzündet, die Nationalhymne wird gesungen and man verbringt einen geselligen Abend miteinamder . Arbeitsfreiist der 1. August erstseitdem Jahr 1994!

II. Lies den Text und beantworte die folgenden Fragen! [10]
Panic Attack- nur keine Panik!

Zu Hause konnten sie nicht spielen, da hatten sie keinen Verstarker. Deshalb gingen sie so oft wie moglich ins Jugendhaus. Dort gibt es einen Proberaum und Instrumente, die man kostenlos benutzen darf. Die vier Madchen kennen sich aus der Schule und aus dem Gitarrenunterricht : Andrea, 17, Martha, 16, Aylin, 15, und Sonja, 15. Eigentlich wollten sie schon immer eine Band haben, also grundeten sie ,,Panik Attack”. Sie haben ihrer Band diesen starken Namen gegeben., weil Madchenbands nicht so viel Beachtung finden wie Jugendbands.

Martha und Aylin spielen Gitarre, Aylin singt auch. Andrea sitzt am Schlagzeug und Sonja spielt Bass. Konzerte hat die Band auch schon gegeben. Ihr letzter groβer Auftritt war auf einem bundesweiten Festival fur Madchenbands. Dort lernten sie auch andere Junge Musikerinnen kennen und tausenten Erfahrungen aus. Es gab Workshops, Seminare,

CBSE Class XII 2014-15

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Geography) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Geography) 2014-15

Duration: 3hrs

 M.M.70

General Instructions:

  •  There are 22 general questions.

  •  Question nos. 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each .Answer to these questions should not exceed 40 words.

  •  Question nos. 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each Answer to these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.

  •  Question nos. 14 -20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each .Answer to these questions should not exceed 150 words.

  •  Question no. 21-22 are related to identification or locating and labeling of geographical features carrying 5 marks each.

  •  Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within you answer-book.

  •  Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.

  •  All questions are compulsory.

1. State any two features of KPO industry. 1

2. What are the implications of using ground water in drought prone area of Rajasthan and Maharashtra? 1

3. What is the ‘open sky policy’ adopted by the Indian government? 1\

4. On the basis of configuration and purposes, satellite system in India can be grouped into two. Name them. 1

5. Explain the function of a Garrison town with the help of an Indian example. 1

6. ‘Urban waste disposal is a serious problem in India. ’Suggest any two measures that we as citizens can take to solve this problem of urban waste. 1


7. Study the map shown and answer the question: Name the state with the highest density of roads. Explain giving reason. 1

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (French) 2015

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (French) 2015

1.a. Lisez bien ce texte et répondez aux questions données ci-dessous :

Chez les Legrand :

A quoi Mme Legrand va-t-elle occuper son après-midi? Lundi, elle a fait des confitures : soixante pots, pleins de confitures d’oranges, sont alignés dans les armoires. Mardi, il a fallu faire la lessive (heureusement il y a la machine à laver) ! Hier, Mme Legrand a offert le thé à ses amies. Mais aujourd’hui, elle aura le temps de repasser le linge qui a été lavé avant-hier ; il est même possible qu’elle fasse un peu de couture. Ce soir, Jean ira sans doute au cinéma avec sa sœur. « Toujours au cinéma ! lui dit son père, n’as-tu pas de distractions plus sérieuses? » Les parents, fatigués de leur journée, s’installeront au salon et liront ou regarderont la télévision.

i. Répondez : 10
1. Qu’est-ce que Mme Legrand a fait le mardi ?
2. Où sont les confitures?
3. Qu’est-ce que Mme Legrand a fait hier?
4. Que feront les enfants ?
5. Que feront les parents comme distraction?

ii. Donnez les contraires : 2
1. Pleins
2. Plus
3. Toujours
4. Heureusement

iii. Complétez avec un mot/des mots du texte : 2
1. Elle a travaillé toute la _______.
2. Quel ______ fait-il aujourd’hui ?
3. Elle a _______ oublié son sac au lycée.
4. Ils sont ________: ils ont trop joué.

iv. Mettez cette phrase à la voix passive : 1
Elle a fait des confitures.

b. Lisez bien ce texte et répondez aux questions données ci-dessous : Les Vacances Tout le monde aime les vacances. Les vacances, ça sert à changer de la vie habituelle, à changer tout, à arrêter tout ce que l’on fait pendant l’année. C’est pourquoi on attend toujours les vacances avec impatience. Mais, chacun a sa façon préférée de passer les vacances.

Mathieu aime les vacances au bord de la mer. Pour lui, la plage c’est la détente. Il veut aussi voyager à l’étranger. Il croit que l’on a toujours quelque chose à apprendre et le meilleur moyen de s’informer de ce qui se passe à travers le monde, c’est de voyager.

Fabien aime retrouver ses amis et aussi faire de nouvelles connaissances, connaître plein de gens. L’important pour lui, c’est de ne pas être seul pendant les vacances. Il a horreur de ça.

i. Répondez aux questions suivantes : 4
1. A quoi servent les vacances ?
2. De quoi Fabien a-t-il horreur ?

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Fashion Studies) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Fashion Studies) 2014-15

SECTION – A

Q. 1 Define the term ‘apparel’. 1

Q. 2 Why darts need to be finished away from the apex? (Give one reason) 1

Q. 3 Name the equipment used to finish the raw edges of the fabric. 1

Q. 4 Write two examples of men’s active sportswear category. 1

Q. 5 What is the difference in the front and back dart length of a basic skirt? 1

Q. 6 Why are buttons recommended to be inbuilt into the garment of newborn’s clothing? 1

Q. 7 State the general rule followed to decide the size of the button-hole. 1

SECTION – B

Q. 8 Compare the tradition of wearing neck brass rings and poulaine by primitive people. 2

Q. 9 “With the change in the techniques of warfare, armours are replaced with uniforms which enable two functions.” Explain briefly. 2

Q. 10 What is pattern making? Name two methods of achieving it.

OR

Differentiate between Fitting Ease and Design Ease. 2

Q. 11 Who is known as the ‘Father of the modern fashion design´ and what is his contribution in making Paris as the epitome of fashion clothing? 2

Q. 12 Explain the efficient way of placing the pins for securing fabric. 2

Q. 13 How is dart manipulated by using pivot method? 2

Q. 14 Explain the manner of draping uttariya by the courtiers in ancient times in India. 2

Q. 15 Differentiate between natural and synthetic fibres. 2

SECTION – C

Q. 16 Mention any 6 points to be included on the pattern. 3

Q. 17 Prepare a chart of designers / costume designers along with the names of their most recognisable movies through which they have made an influence on fashion industry. 3

Q. 18 How will you identify the right side of the following fabrics? Explain.
a) Smooth fabrics
b) Printed design
c) Textured fabrics 3

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Entrepreneurship) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Entrepreneurship) 2014-15

1. Differentiate between a private company and a public company on the basis of minimum and maximum number of members required? 1

2. What is ‘Value Added Tax’(VAT)? 1

3. List any two factors included in ‘micro environment’? 1

4. Hina, was manufacturing beauty products and was always on the lookout to improvise her products. . She used social media and online surveys to understand the latest trend in customer needs and overall in the cosmetics industry. . Through the surveys, she understood that the customers prefer natural ingredients like multani mitti or neem in place of chemicals in the beauty products.

Responding to the customers’ needs, she developed a ‘MultaniMitti cum neem face pack’ in an attractive package. It was highly priced as she knew that the customers will be ready to pay the price for the quality. Her face pack was an instant success. Identify the ‘Way’ in which Hina spotted this trend. 1

5. Ram Prasad, a cotton grower from Bihar, wants to start a cottage industry for weaving cotton into handloom. Which specialized financial institution should he approach to meet the credit requirements of his industry. 1

6. Explain any two components of ‘Brand” with example. 2

7. Give the meaning of ‘routing’ and ‘scheduling’ as elements of operational plan. 2

8. Sandeep had started his business of dairy products in 2013. He wanted to expand his business but did not have the necessary funds. One of his friends suggested that he should approach Mr. Goel, a venture capitalist for further funds. When Sandeep approached Mr.Goel, he was given three minutes for explaining his business proposition. Identify and explain the format of business plan referred in the above para. 2

9. Hema Enterprises is dealing in Health Drinks. The enterprise has been manufacturing  ‘Mother’s Choice’ a malt based health drink. Adapting to the latest market trends she decided to bring out an improved form of fortified health drink with vitamin B-12, iron and minerals to increase immunity. She believed that by modifying the product she will be able to create a new product. Identify the concept and define it. 2

10. Vikram, a new generation high tech farmer is involved in organic farming. He realized that there was a huge market for his fruits and vegetables as people have become diet conscious and prefer to eat healthy food. Keeping this in mind, he decided to open ‘Salad bars and organic fruit juice corners’ in prominent malls in Delhi.

Now he needed a ‘road map’ for himself to start the venture.
(a) Identify the term used for ‘road map’ by Vikram 2
(b) Why this road map is required? 2

11. State the steps in the ‘Creative Process’ after the ‘stage of preparation’? 3

12. Deepika wanted to pitch in to reduce the financial crisis prevailing in her house and thought of working as a cook. She started working in three different households, one Punjabi, One Gujrati and one South Indian family. She soon realized that all the three households had different cuisine. It was indeed a challenge for her to learn the techniques of the cuisine. All the families greatly appreciated the timeframe within which she had mastered the local cuisine. After working for them for a year, she decides to open a small eating joint of her own along with two of her friends by the name ‘Apna Bhoj’. They decided to share profits equally and that each of them will be liable for acts performed by the other two. Soon the eatery became a hot spot because of the fusion platter which was being offered.

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (English Elective) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (English  Elective) 2014-15

Max. 100

Time 3 hrs.

The Question paper is divided into three sections:

Section A : Reading 20 Marks
Section B : Writing & Grammar 40 Marks
Section C : Literature 40 Marks

General Instructions

1. All questions are compulsory.
2. You may attempt any section at a time.
3. All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

Section A
Reading

20 Marks

Q1 Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. Mankind's fascination with gold is as old as civilization itself. The ancient Egyptians esteemed gold, which had religious significance to them, and King Tutankhamen was buried in a solid – gold coffin 3300 years ago. The wandering Israelites worshipped a golden calf, and the legendary King Midas asked that everything he touched be turned into gold.

2. Not only is gold beautiful, but it is virtually indestructible. It will not rust or corrode. Gold coins and products fabricated from the metal have survived undamaged for centuries. Gold is extremely easy to work with. One ounce, which is about the size of a cube of sugar, can be beaten into a sheet nearly 100 square feet in size, and becomes so thin that light passes through it. An ounce of gold can also be stretched into a wire 50 miles long. Gold conducts electricity better than any other substance except copper and sliver, and it is particularly important in the modern electronics industry.

3. People have always longed to possess gold. Unfortunately, this longing has also brought out the worst in the human character. The Spanish conquerors robbed palaces, temples and graves and killed thousands of Indians in their ruthless search for gold. Often the only rule in young California during the days of the gold rush was exercised by the mob with a rope. Even today, the economic running of South Africa‟s gold mines depends largely on the employment of black labourers who are paid about 40 pounds a month, plus room and board, and who must work in conditions that can only be described as cruel. About 400 miners are killed in mine accidents in South Africa each year, or one for every two tons of gold produced.

4. Much of gold's value lies in its scarcity. Only about 80,000 tons have been mined in the history of the world. All of it could be stored in a vault 60 feet square, or a supertanker.

5. Great Britain was the first country to adopt the gold standard, when the Master of the Mint, Sir Isaac Newton, established a fixed price for gold in 1717. But until the big discoveries of gold in the last half of the nineteenth century – starting in California in 1848 and later in Australia and South Africa – there simply wasn't enough gold around for all the trading nations to link their currencies to the precious metal.

6. An out – of – work prospector named George Harrison launched South Africa into the gold age in 1886 when he discovered the metal on a farm near what is now Johannesburg. Harrison was given a 12 Pounds reward by the farmer. He then disappeared and reportedly was eaten by a lion.

7. One of the big gold – mining areas in the Soviet Union is the Kolyma River region, once infamous for its prison camp. The camp has gone, but in a way nothing has changed. Many ex – prisoners have stayed on to work in the mines and are supervised by ex – guards.

(News) CBSE Class X & XII 2016 exams will be start from 1st of March

GENERAL: 

CBSE Class X & XII 2016 exams will be start from 1st of March


CBSEThe Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the dates for class X and XII board examinations, both beginning on March 1.

The exams for standard X will continue till March 28 and that for students of XII will end on April 22.

While English, both core and elective, will mark the beginning of the exams for standard XII students, those in X will be facing the exam on Dynamic Retail, Information Technology, Security, Auto Technology and International Tourism.

The examination for the main subjects for standard X candidates will begin on March 2, with Science, theory and practical, examination.

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (English Core) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (English Core) 2014-15

Time allowed: 3hours

Maximum marks:100

SECTION A – READING (30 Marks )

Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)

1. Many of us believe that “small” means “insignificant”. We believe that small actions and choices do not have much impact on our lives. We think that it is only the big things, the big actions and the big decisions that really count. But when you look at the lives of all great people, you will see that they built their character through small decisions, small choices and small actions that they performed every day. They transformed their lives through a step-by-step or dayby-day approach. They nurtured and nourished their good habits and chipped away at their bad habits, one step at a time. It was their small day-to-day decisions that added up to make tremendous difference in the long run. Indeed, in matters of personal growth and character building, there is no such thing as an overnight success.

2. Growth always occurs through a sequential series of stages. There is an organic process to growth. When we look at children growing up, we can see this process at work: the child first learns to crawl, then to stand and walk, and finally to run. The same is true in the natural world. The soil must first be tilled, and then the seed must be sowed. Next, it must be nurtured with enough water and sunlight, and only then will it grow, bear fruit and finally ripen and be ready to eat.

3. Gandhi understood this organic process and used this universal law of nature to his benefit. Gandhi grew in small ways, in his day-to-day affairs. He did not wake up one day and find himself to be the “Mahatma”. In fact, there was nothing much in his early life that showed signs of greatness. But from his midtwenties onwards, he deliberately and consistently attempted to change himself, reform himself and grow in some small way every day. Day by day, hour by  hour, he risked failure, experimented and learnt from mistakes. In small and large situations alike, he took up rather than avoid responsibility.

4. People have always marvelled at the effortless way in which Gandhi could accomplish the most difficult tasks. He displayed great deal of self-mastery and discipline that was amazing. These things did not come easily to him. Years of practice and disciplined training went into making his successes possible. Very few saw his struggles, fears, doubts and anxieties, or his inner efforts to overcome them. They saw the victory, but not the struggle.

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Engineering Graphics) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Engineering Graphics) 2014-15

Time: 3hrs

Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions: -

i) Attempt all the questions.
ii) Follow the SP: 46-2003 revised codes (with First Angle method of projection).
iii) Missing and mismatching dimension, if any, may be assumed suitably.
iv) All dimensions are in millimeters.
v) Use the given dimensions in figures instead to scale.

1. Answer the following Multiple Choice Questions. Print the correct choice on your drawing sheet.

(1 X 5= 5)

(i) Which machine part is called as “HEADLESS BOLT”?

(a) Nut
(b) Screw
(c) Stud
(d) Rivet

(ii) A Square drawn in isometric projection appears as?

(a) Square
(b) Rhombus
(c) Rectangle
(d) Trapezium

(iii) In first angle projection the order of object, plane and observer, as viewed from the front is?

(a) Object, Plane and Observer
(b) Object, Observer and Plane
(c) Plane, Observer and Object
(d) Observer, Object and Plane

(iv) What is the thread angle in degree of a Metric thread?

(a) 60°
(b) 45°
(c) 75°
(d) 90°

(v) In which type of bearing the Bush is split into two halves?

(a) Footstep Bearing
(b) Bushed Bearing
(c) Simple Plummer Block
(d) Open Bearing

2. (i) Construct an isometric scale of length 70 mm. (4)

(ii) Draw the isometric projection of the frustum of triangular pyramid having top base edge 30 mm and bottom base edge 50 mm with a height of 70 mm resting on its longer base keeping one of its base edges parallel to the V.P. and nearer to the observer. Give the direction of viewing, axis and dimensions. (7)

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Economics) 2014-15

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Economics) 2014-15

Time : 3 Hours

Maximum Marks : 100

Instructions:

1. All questions in both sections are compulsory. However, there is internal choice in some questions.
2. Marks for questions are indicated against each question. 3. Question No.1-3 and 15-19 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They are required to be answered in one sentence.
4. Question No.4-8 and 20-22 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 60 words each.
5. Question No.9-10 and 23-25 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 70 words each.
6. Question No.11-14 and 26-29 are long answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 100 words each
7. Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limit be adhered to as far as possible.

Section A: Microeconomics

1. The total cost at 5 units of output is Rs 30. The fixed cost is Rs 5. The average variable cost at 5 units of output is: (1)

a) Rs 25
b) Rs 6
c) Rs 5
d) Re 1

2. What policy initiatives can the government undertake to increase the demand of milk in the country? Mention any one. (1)

3. Which of the shaded area in the diagrams below represent total utility? (1)

For blind candidates:

What does the area under the marginal utility curve depict?

a) Average Utility b) Total Utility
c) Indifference Curve d) Consumer equilibrium

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Creative Writing and Translation Studies) 2015

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Creative Writing and Translation Studies) 2015

Time: 3 hours

Maximum Marks: 80

SECTION A- Reading Comprehension (20 Marks)

Q1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

(7 marks)

For bizarre items floating in the ocean, try topping this: The upper half of a set of false teeth, seen bobbing around in the South China Sea.

“I remember thinking: ‘How on earth did it get there?”’ said Lindsay Porter, a marine scientist.

The teeth, gripped in their plastic gums, are part of the millions of tons of plastic trash that somehow ends up in oceans around the world every year. Mostly, it is more mundane stuff, the flotsam and jetsam of everyday life: picnic plates, bottles, cigarette lighters, toys, spoons, flip-flops etc.

Taken together, the virtually indestructible mass is now so large that it is causing environmentalists, government officials and the plastics industry itself to sit up and take note. Many scientists believe marine plastic pollution is one of the major issues — along with climate change — facing the planet.

The problem is not the plastic itself: Even those who lobby against plastic pollution acknowledge that plastic materials help combat climate change, for example by reducing the weight — and thus fuel consumption — of vehicles, or by helping to insulate buildings.

Most of that ends up in landfills. Some is recycled. But a significant amount ends up in the sea, swept there via rivers or sewage drains, discarded on beaches or dumped from ships. Exact figures are hard to come by, but some researchers estimate that 4.7 million tons reaches the sea each year, according to Plastic Oceans, a London-based charity that has enlisted numerous scientists to create a full-length documentary film on the topic.

Bear in mind that this stuff does not just biodegrade like food waste, wood or paper. Scientists believe it takes decades, if not centuries, for most types of plastic to degrade. That means virtually all the plastic material that has ever ended up in the ocean is still out there.

“When a plastic crate or bottle floats around in the ocean, it does not biodegrade. It only breaks into smaller and smaller pieces — which are still plastic,” said Peter Kershaw of the British marine science center Cefas, who helps advise the United Nations on marine environmental protection issues.

Some of the debris sinks to the ocean floor. Some washes back onto land, sometimes in remote and once-pristine parts of the world.

But most is gradually swept up by ocean currents, which have assembled the assorted mess into five “gyres,” or garbage patches, in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.

Do not imagine these to be vast, tangible floating islands of trash that you can walk across. Yes, there are visible chunks of debris — some large enough to trap or choke wildlife.

Mostly, however, the plastic soup consists of tiny fragments, some the size of a fingernail, some much smaller, floating on or below the surface across thousands of kilometers.

New York Times

On the basis of your understanding of the passage answer the following questions:

a) What is the chief concern of the author in this article? 1
b) Can plastic be advantageous to society in any way? 1
c) What is alarming about plastic soup? 1
d) Find a word in the passage which means the opposite of impure 1
e) Name a material that is biodegradable. 1
f) What is a gyre and how does it impact marine wildlife? 2

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Business Studies) 2014-15

CBSE Special TX: 

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Business Studies) 2014-15

1. What is meant by ‘Effectiveness in Management’? 1

2. How does coordination ensure unity of action in Management 1

3. Define ‘Planning premises’ 1

4. National Vritech Ltd. has grown in size. It was a market leader but with changes in business environment and with the entry of MNCs its market share is declining. To cope up with the situation CEO starts delegating some of his authority to the General Manager, who also felt himself overburdened and with the approval of CEO disperses some of his authority to various levels throughout the organization. Identify the concept of management discussed above. 1

5. Which component of capital structure determines the overall financial risk? 1

6. Amit is running an ‘Advertising agency’ and earning a lot by providing this service to big industries. State whether the working capital requirement of the firm will be ‘less’ or ‘more’. Give reason in support of your answer 1

7. Zoom Udyog, a car manufacturing Co., has started its business with Zoom 800 and slowly launched Zoom-1000, Wagon-Z, Swy-fy etc. and offered various services like after sale service, availability of spare parts etc. Identify the element of marketing mix referred here.1

8. Himesh after completing his graduation started working with a multinational company in Delhi. But due to ill health of his parents he had to go back to his village. There he noticed that the villagers were literate but ignorant about their rights. Many vegetable vendors were using stones as weights to sell their vegetables. Some shopkeepers were selling food items without having ‘FPO mark’. Villagers did not find anything wrong with these practices. So to create awareness among villagers Himesh decided to publish a weekly Journal ‘Jan Jagriti’. State the ‘Right’ whichHimesh has exercised by doing so. 1

9. State any three advantages that a functional structure offers to an organization. 3

10. ‘Choice of an appropriate channel of distribution is very important marketing decision which affects the performance of an organization’. Explain any two factors on which the choice of an appropriate channel depends. 3

11. Zenith Ltd. is a highly reputed company and many people wanted to join this company. The employees of this organization are very happy and they discussed how they came in contact with this organization.

Aman said that he was introduced by the present Sales manager, Mr. John. Benu said that he had applied through the newspaper and was appointed as H.R Manager.

Vaibhav said that he was neither related to any of the employee of the organization nor there was any advertisement in the newspaper even then he was directly called from IIM Ahmedabad from where he was about to complete his MBA.

a) The above discussion is indicating an important function of management. Name the function of management
b) The management function identified in part (a) follows a particular process. Explain the step of this process which is being discussed in the above para. 1+2

12. Supriya’s grandmother who was unwell, called her and gave her a gift packet. Supriya opened the packet and saw many crumpled share certificates inside. Her grandmother told her that they had been left behind by her late grandfather. As no trading is now done in physical form, Supriya wants to know the process by adopting which she is in a position to deal with these certificates.

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