The Medical Council of India (MCI) recommended the following
syllabus for National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS/BDS
courses across the country (NEET-UG) after review of various State syllabi as
well as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT and COBSE. This is to establish a
uniformity across the country keeping in view the relevance of different areas
in Medical Education.
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure
of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell
envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function;
Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes,
vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton,
cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear
membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure
and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids;
Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their
Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and
nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active
transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis,
plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast,
symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation;
Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of
mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis;
Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and
micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;
Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition;
Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic
nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in
Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of
photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic
hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting
Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis,
fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic);
Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways;
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of
Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation,
dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process
in a plant cell; Growth regulatorsauxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene,
ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.
Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive
glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones;
Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins,
carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats;
Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion,
constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals
(recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its
regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of
respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma,
Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood
groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human
circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac
cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac
activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery
disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of
excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory
systemstructure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of
kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and
Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia,
Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary,
fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle
contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the
relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and
skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis,
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves;
Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse;
Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands
and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal,
Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone
action(Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators,
Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g.
Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes,
Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic
feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction
– Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission,
sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower
structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types,
agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction;
Double fertilization; Post fertilization eventsDevelopment of endosperm and
embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis,
parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems;
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesisspermatogenesis &
oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto
blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation
(Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary
Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and
prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and
Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP);
Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF,
ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations
from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and
Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic
inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex
determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex
linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in
humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome,
Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic
material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA
packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code,
translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human
genome project; DNA finger printing.
Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and
evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy,
embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic
theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and
Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural
selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive
Radiation; Human evolution.
Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population
and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition,
predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death
rate, age distribution.
Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and
decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient
cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological
Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of
Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of
Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms,
extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and
Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control;
Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid
waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global
warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success
stories addressing environmental issues.