Central Board of Secondary Education
Main Subject (Volume – 1) : Senior School Curriculum 2011
Part I: Eligibility Requirements, Scheme of Studies and Scheme of
1. Eligibility of Candidates
2. Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria
3. Scheme of Studies
Syllabus 2011 :
Class : 11th & 12th
ELIGIBILITY OF CANDIDATES : Admission of students to a School,
Transfer/Migration of Students.
1. ADMISSION-GENERAL CONDITIONS
1.1 A student seeking admission to any class in a ‘School’ will be
eligible for admission to that class only if he:-
(i) has been studying in a school recognised by or affiliated to this Board
or any other recognised Board of Secondary Education in India;
(ii) has passed qualifying or equivalent qualifying examination making him
eligible for admission to that class;
(iii) satisfies the requirements of age limits ( minimum & maximum ) as
determined by the Sate/U.T. Government and applicable to the place where the
School is located;
(iv) produces :-
(a) the School Leaving Certificate/Transfer Certificate signed by the Head
of the Institution last attended and countersigned ;
(b) document(s) in support of his having passed the qualifying or equivalent
qualifying examination, and
(c) The Date of Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar of Births and
Deaths wherever existing as proof of date of birth.
ADMISSION : SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
1.2 Admission upto Class VIII (i.e. class VIII and below) shall be
regulated by the rules, regulations, orders of the State/U.T. Governments
applicable to the place where the school is located.
1.3 Admission to class IX in a school shall be opened only to such a student
who has passed class VIII examination from an institution affiliated to this
Board or to any recognised Board or is recognised by the Education
Department of the Government of the State/U.T. in which such an institution
ADMISSION TO CLASS X
1.4 As the syllabus prescribed at Secondary level is of two years integrated
course, no admission shall be taken in Class X directly. Provided further
that admission to Class X in a school shall be open only to such a student
(a) has completed a regular course of study for class IX and;
(b) has passed class IX examination from an institution affiliated to this
(c) A student who has completed a regular course of study for Class IX and
has passed Class IX examination from this Board, or an institution
recognised by/affiliated to any recognised Board in India can be admitted in
Class X to a school only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of
families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the
marks sheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the
Educational Authorities of the Board concerned.
In case of such admissions the school would obtain post facto approval of
the Board within one month of admission of the student.
2. SCHEME OF EXAMINATIONS AND PASS CRITERIA
2.1 GENERAL CONDITIONS
(i) The Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria for All
India//Delhi Secondary School
Examinations conducted by the Board, shall be as laid down from time to
(ii) Class IX examination shall be conducted internally by the schools
(iii) The Board will conduct the external examinations at the end of
(iv) Class X examination shall be based on the Syllabi as prescribed by the
Board for class X from time to time.
(v) Number of papers, duration of examination and marks for each
subject/paper will be as specified in the curriculum for the year.
(vi) The examination would be conducted in theory as well as in practicals,
depending upon the nature of the subject(s) and the marks/grades allotted
shall be as prescribed in the curriculum.
(vii) Marks/grades shall be awarded for individual subjects and the
aggregate marks shall not be given.
(i) Assessment of theory/practical papers in external subjects shall be in
numerical scores. In addition to numerical scores, the Board shall indicate
grades in the mark sheets issued to the candidates in case of subjects of
external examinations. In case of internal assessment subjects, only grades
shall be shown.
(ii) Letter grades on a nine-point scale shall be used for subjects of
external examinations. However, for subjects of internal examination in
Class X the assessment shall be made on a five point scale i.e. A,B,C,D and
(iii) The grades shall be derived from scores in case of subjects of
external examination. In case of subjects of internal assessment, they shall
be awarded by the schools.
(iv) The qualifying marks in each subject of external examination shall be
33% at Secondary School Examination.
(v) For awarding the grades, the Board shall put all the passed students in
a rank order and will award grades as follows :
A-1 Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
A-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
E Failed candidates
2.3 MERIT CERTIFICATES
(i) The Board will award Merit Certificates in each subject to the top 0.1%
of candidates passing the subject, provided that they have passed
examination as per the pass criteria of the Board.
(ii) The number of Merit Certificates in a subject will be determined by
rounding of the number of candidates passing the subject to the nearest
multiple of thousand. If the number of candidates passing a subject is less
than 500, no merit certificate will be issued.
(iii) In the matter of tie, if one student gets a Merit certificate, all
candidates getting that score will get the Merit Certificate.
(i) A candidate will be eligible to get the pass certificate of the
Board, if he/she gets a grade higher than E in all subjects of internal
assessment unless he/she is exempted. Failing this, the result of the
external examination will be withheld but not for a period of more than one
(ii) In order to be declared as having passed the examination, a candidate
shall obtain a grade higher than E (i.e.atleast 33% marks) in all the five
subjects of external examination in the main or at the compartmental
examinations. The pass marks in each subject of external examination shall
(iii) No overall division/distinction/aggregate shall be awarded.
(iv) In respect of a candidate offering an additional subject, the following
norms shall be applied :-
(a) a language offered as an additional subject may replace a language in
the event of a candidate failing in the same provided after replacement the
candidate has English/ Hindi as one of the languages; and
(b) the replacement shall satisfy the conditions as laid down in the Scheme
(v) Candidates exempted from one or more subjects of internal examination
shall be eligible for appearing in external examination and result shall be
declared subject to fulfilment of other conditions laid down in the Pass
(vi) In order to be declared as having passed class IX Examination a
candidate shall obtain 33% in all the subjects. The pass marks in each
subject of the examination shall be 33% .
ELIGIBILITY FOR COMPARTMENT :
A Candidate failing in two of the five subjects of external examination
shall be placed in compartment in those subjects provided he/she qualifies
in all the subjects of internal assessment.
RETENTION OF PRACTICAL MARKS IN RESPECT OF FAILURE CANDIDATES
A candidate who has failed in the examination in the first attempt shall
be required to re-appear in all the subjects at the subsequent annual
examination of the Board. He/she shall appear only in theory part and
his/her previous practical marks will be carried forward and accounted
for if he/she has passed in practical. In case a candidate has failed in
practical he/she shall have to appear in theory and practical both. If
he/she fails to pass the examination in three consecutive years after the
first attempt, he/she shall have to reappear in all the subjects including
A candidate who has passed the Secondary Examination of the Board may
offer an additional subject as a private candidate provide the additional
subject is provided in the Scheme of Studies and is offered whithin SIX
YEARS of passing the examination of Board. No exemption from time limit will
be given after six years. Facility to apear in additional subject will be
available at the annual examination only.
However, candidates appearing in six subjects at the Secondary Examination
of the Board having been declared "Pass" by virtue of securing pass marks in
five subjects as per Rule 40.1 (iv) may appear in the failing subject at the
Compartment Examination to be held in July/August the same year.
3. SCHEME OF STUDIES
3.1 SUBJECT OF STUDIES
The learning areas will include :
(1) and (2) Two Languages out of :
Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujrati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Marathi,
Malayalam Manipuri, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Lepcha,
Limbu, Bhutia, Sanskrit Arabic, Persian, French, German, Portuguese,
Russian, Spanish, Nepali, Tibetan and Mizo, (Please also refer to notes) (i),
(ii) and (iii)
(5) Social Science
(6) Work Education or Pre-Vocational Education
(7) Art Education
(8) Physical and Health Education
3.2 ADDITIONAL SUBJECTS
Students may offer any one of the following as an additional subject :
Language other than the two compulsory languages (offered as subjects of
Commerce, Painting, Music, Home Science or Foundation of Information
MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION : The medium of instruction in
general in all the schools affiliated with the Board shall either be Hindi
RULES FOR CHANGE IN SUBJECT
(i) No candidate shall be permitted to change his subject of study after
passing class IX as the case may be.
(ii) No candidate shall offer a subject in class X which he has not studied
and passed in class IX.
(iii) Notwithstanding anything contained in the rules above, Chairman shall
have the powers to allow a change in subject(s) to avoid undue hardship to
the candidate provided such a request for change is made before 30th